It must be clear in the record that subsistence uses will be accommodated, as regards both the quantity or volume of use and the duration of the use...The standard is customary and traditional use of game." Critics also assert that the ANILCA scheme represented by the Lime Village case results in a chaotic, unregulated system of "no seasons and no bag limits." This criticism inaccurately suggests that the ANILCA standards preclude reasonable and responsible wildlife management.The Lime Village Way of Life Lime Village is a small, remote and isolated Dena'ina Athabascan Indian village located along the upper Stony River (a tributary of the middle Kuskokwim River) west of the Alaska Range.The village has roughly 40-50 residents at any given time, descendants of a semi-nomadic tribe who have inhabited that part of the world since time immemorial.An unsuccessful hunt at critical times represents a loss of economic security (at the very least) for the Lime Village hunter, necessitating that the hunter or some other party return to the field until successful.(In addition to their economic and cultural value, wild foods are superior in nutritional value to commercial processed foods.) The subsistence economy of Lime Village needs maximum flexibility.In the communal system of Lime Village, hunters generally share the tasks of harvesting, butchering, and transporting an animal.When they catch a moose or caribou, the meat is always divided among the households of the hunters involved in the hunting activities and is also shared generously with many other households and relatives.
Because of high transportation costs, fuel for snowmobiles and outboard motors is prohibitively expensive.
It is true, however, that in the Lime Village communal, subsistence-based socioeconomic system, closed moose and caribou seasons and individual bag limits have been ruled inappropriate -- and rightly so.
But far from creating an unregulated hunting system, this determination has resulted in a cooperative game management program that produces the best subsistence harvest and related information in the state.
There is no village store, and thus the people must obtain food supplements and other supplies by mail, which arrives only once a week by air, weather permitting (which it often doesn't).
Local transportation is by dog sled and snowmobile during the closed water season, and by small outboard motor boats during open water season.
Simply put, the very young, the old, and the infirm of the community are provided with meat by the healthy adult members of the community who are skilled at hunting." The individual hunting practices and goals of Western society -- the genesis of the "reasonable opportunity" standard -- contrast sharply with the dynamic tribal or communal strategies of the Lime Village hunting society.