It is also used in most of the schools, although there has been movement towards using Kiswahili as the teaching language.English is not spoken solely by the elite, but only people with a certain level of education speak it. The Kenyan flag has three horizontal stripes—red, black, and green—separated by thin white bands.Fourteen percent is Luhya, 13 percent is Luo, 12 percent is Kalenjin, 11 percent Kamba, 6 percent Kisii, and 6 percent Meru.Others, including the Somalis and the Turkana in the north and the Kalenjin in the Great Rift Valley, comprise approximately 15 percent of the population. Kenya is located in East Africa and borders Somalia to the northeast, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the east.The country straddles the equator, covering a total of 224,961 square miles (582,600 square kilometers; roughly twice the size of the state of Nevada). Inland plains cover three-quarters of the country; they are mostly bush, covered in underbrush.In the west are the highlands where the altitude rises from three thousand to ten thousand feet.Nairobi, Kenya's largest city and capital, is located in the central highlands.
The increasing economic opportunities brought thousands of British settlers who displaced many Africans, often forcing them to live on reservations.The Portuguese colonized much of the region, but the Arabs managed to evict them in 1729.In the mid-1800s, European explorers stumbled upon Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, and began to take an interest in the natural resources of East Africa.Some Arabs settled in the area and intermarried with local groups.Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed at Mombasa in 1498, after discovering a sailing route around the Cape of Good Hope.These ethnic categories are further broken down into subgroups.