While the mountains create a favorable environment for agriculture, the coastal littoral, protected from the Sahara, is still arid and requires irrigation.
The capital of Libya, Tripoli, is an oasis on the Tripolitanian coast and its inhabitants rely on aquifers to meet most of their water requirements.
Everyone was aware of the military prowess and political autonomy of the tribes.This experiment has been underwritten by massive oil revenues and directed by the revolutionary government of Muammar Qaddafi. Situated on the coast of North Africa, nearly all of the nation's land mass is within the Sahara Desert.The country is bounded to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, to the west by Tunisia and Algeria, and to the south by Chad and Niger.In culture, language, and religion, Libya forms a part of the greater Arab world. In Libya, as in most of the Middle East and North Africa, the modern concept of the territorially discreet nation is a recent development.Historically, Libya was characterized by sets of connections between relatively autonomous polities.Primarily steppe country, it is suited to pastoral pursuits and historically has been a major seasonal grazing ground for some of the powerful tribes who spend winters in the interior of the desert.